The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region is one of China's two special administrative regions, along with Macau.
Hong Kong, the Pearl of East and Jewel of the Orient, is famous for its gold and foreign exchange market, natural deep water harbour, commercial trade, toy manufacturing industry and film and service industries.
Hong Kong is located in south China, 32km (20 miles) east of the mouth of the Pearl River and 135km (84 miles) southeast of Guangdong province. It is separated from the mainland by a natural harbour.
Hong Kong consists of four parts, Hong Kong island, Kowloon Peninsula, the New Territories and 260 surrounding smaller islands and overall covers an area of 1095 square kilometres. Hong Kong island and Kowloon Peninsula are the political, economic, cultural and traffic hub of Hong Kong.
Hong Kong is 8 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time and is on the other side of the international Date Line (eastern hemisphere), this means people lose one day when travelling from countries in the western hemisphere, such as the US.
Statistics from the Hong Kong SAR government in 2005 shows that Hong Kong has an population of more than 7.2 million, with 6557.4 people per square kilometre. Amongst the 7.2 million population, 98% of them are Chinese and 2% of them are foreigners. Chinese and English are the official languages in Hong Kong, with Cantonese being the most widely spoken. See Languages in Hong Kong.
Hong Kong is a bridge that connects east and west. Various religious groups such as Christian, Buddhist, Confucian, Taoist, and other religious groups all co-exist in harmony in Hong Kong. Ancient Chinese traditions such as the Dragon Boat Festival, Tomb-sweeping Day and Festival of Lanterns are celebrated and revered in Hong Kong. See Traditional Beliefs in Hong Kong and Religion in Hong Kong.
Hong Kong also plays an important part in international trading. There are many famous branded names available and range from electronic devices to clothing, cosmetics and toys. These all combine to make Hong Kong a shopper’s heaven at affordable prices. See Shopping in Hong Kong.
Hong Kong is a sophisticated fusion of western and eastern cultures where the old and the new meet at every corner. With wide ocean spaces and a subtropical climate, it is also blessed with unmatched natural scenery. Hong Kong has become a popular tourist destination. A tour to Hong Kong would not be complete without experiencing the city’s nightlife and gorgeous night scenery. See Hong Kong Night Cruise Tour.
Welcome to Hong Kong, the brightest pearl in the East!
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